Background: Suicide is a social burden and 3rd leading cause of death among the youth worldwide. A few studies have shown that Borderline personality disorder and Histrionic personality disorder are the most likely amongst the personality disorders to predispose patients to suicide. Not many studies have been focussed on the issues of deliberate self harm and the personality factors which predispose to these attempts, which seem to be more common than suicide attempts.
Objective: To study personality factors and the incidence of depression as well as the stressors in patients with suicidal attempt.
Results and Discussion: The subjects tended to be married, employed, and educated, with no female preponderance. There is low prevalence of depression (8/30, 26.6%) in the subjects in this study. Though all of were referred to the psychiatry unit for a “suicide attempt”, the majority (26/30, 86.6%) of them did not show severe suicidal ideation on Columbia Suicide Severity Rating scale (CSSR).
Conclusion: Most of the patients referred from the Emergency Medical Department (EMD) tended not to be depressed and had low suicidal ideation and only scored averagely on the life events stress scale. This study also did not find any significant difference in the Personality traits as assessed on Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ) in the depressed and non-depressed groups, or between the severe ideation and not-severe ideation groups on CSSR.
Key Words: suicide, deliberate self -harm, personality, depression, stressors